How To Reference Apa Style With Multiple Authors Bibliography

If a journal article has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) listed, you will always include this identifier in your reference.  You will not have to include the URL of the journal's home page or of the database from which you retrieved the article if a DOI is available.

If you viewed a journal article in an online database and it does not have a DOI, you will need to do a quick search outside of the database to locate the URL for the journal's home page (pp. 191-192).  This information must be included in the reference.  If the journal is no longer being published and it does not have a home page, then include the URL for the home page of the database from which you retrieved the article (p. 192).

If you viewed a journal article in its print format, be sure to check if it has a DOI listed.  If it does not, your reference to the article would end after you provide the page range of the article.

      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year)

     

NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five authors/editors includes all of the names of the authors/editors,subsequent citations include only the first author's/editor's surname,followed by et al. and the year.

 

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year, page number)

 

References:

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial.Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx OR Retrieved from URL of journal home page [if available].  

 

Example 1 (In-text citation rule for 3-5 authors)

 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001)

 

      NOTE: A subsequent citation would appear as (Westhues et al., 2001)

 

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

 

      (Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001, p. 40)

 

References:

Westhues, A., Lafrance, J., & Schmidt, G. (2001). A SWOT analysis of social work education in Canada. Social Work Education, 20(1), 35-56.doi:10.1080/02615470020028364

 

Example 2 (In-text citation rule for 6 authors or more)

 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Dietz et al., 2007)
 

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Dietz et al., 2007, p. 1518)

 

References:

Dietz, P. M., Williams, S. B., Callaghan, W. M., Bachman, D. J., Whitlock, E. P., & Hornbrook, M. C.     (2007).Clinically identified maternal depression before, during, and after pregnancies ending in live births. American Journal of Psychiatry, 164(10), 1515-1520. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2007.061118936

NOTE: For a work with three to seven authors, include of the authors' names in the citation. Place an ampersand before the last author's name.

Reference list entry:

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(Issue), page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx [if available] OR Retrieved from URL of journal home page .

Example 1 (three authors):

Westhues, A., Lafrance, J., & Schmidt, G. (2001). A SWOT analysis of social work education in Canada. Social Work Education, 20(1), 35-56. doi:10.1080/02615470020028364

Example 2 (seven authors):

McGuire, J. A., Witt, C. C., Remsen, J. V., Corl, A., Rabosky, D. L., Altshuler, D. L., & Dudley, R. (2014). Molecular phylogenetics and the diversification of hummingbirds. Current Biology, 24(8), 910–916. Retrieved from http://www.cell.com/current-biology/home

In-text citation:

      First time citing (up to five authors):  (Author Surname, Author Surname & Author Surname, Year, page number) 

      First time citing (six or seven authors):  (Author Surname et al., Year, page number)

      Subsequent citations: (Author Surname et al., Year, page number)

 

Example 1:

 

     First time citing (use all authors' names): (Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001, p. 40)

     Subsequent citations:  (Westhues et al., 2001, p. 40)

 

Example 2:

 

     First time citing (for 6 or more authors, use first author's name with et al.):  (McGuire et al., 2014, p. 902)

     Subsequent citations:  (McGuire et al., 2014, p. 902)

 

Helpful Tips:             

If a journal article has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) listed, you will always include this identifier in your reference.  You will not have to include the URL of the journal's home page or of the database from which you retrieved the article if a DOI is available.  See the box on the right for more about DOIs.

If you viewed a journal article in an online database and it does not have a DOI, you will need to do a quick search outside of the database to locate the URL for the journal's home page (pp. 191-192).  This information must be included in the reference.

If you viewed a journal article in its print format, be sure to check if it has a DOI listed.  If it does not, your reference to the article does not require a DOI.

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