The profession of a journalist is one of the most exciting jobs. A correspondent is a person who is always aware of all relevant news and current events. At the same time, it is a person who writes articles on burning topics, present facts to the audience, and appeals to people's emotions. An excellent journalist is a goal-oriented, persistent, sociable and responsive professional.
Writing a journalism dissertation is a challenge for you as a future expert. This task should be taken very seriously. The intention of a writer is to inform about new information and make readers interested in further reading. Hence, the first step is to examine basic principles and examples of papers on the chosen topic. Journalism is an essential part of modern life as with its help we get to know the world breaking news. It makes a treasured contribution to the progress of civilization.
First, it is a professional activity of collecting, processing, and disseminating of current periodic social information. Secondly, it involves all channels of distribution of journalistic information: newspapers, magazines, television, radio, news agencies, the Internet, etc. Thirdly, it is the whole set of occupations and important discipline to study.
The primary processes of information exchange between people date back to antiquity. In fact, sharing information has turned the human community into society. Different ways to transfer urgent and socially significant information were used even in ancient times. Actually, it is metaphorically called the second oldest profession.
When writing a research paper on journalism, a student needs to learn what this notion means, its role, and purposes. Why does this phenomenon exist? Why do an individual and society need it? In other words, what are social media features?
Its role in society is very high; it is indisputable. Press shapes the public opinion. Now, there are many opportunities how to get the information quickly. Certainly, the news is a product of hard journalistic work. Functional journalistic tasks are social orientation, mind control, and behavior of the mass media recipient, formation of an adequate picture of reality, as well as representations of the desired future and ways of its achieving, definition of citizens' life positions, etc. It is hard to become a good journalist for sure. One has to obtain a good practice in writing, and come up with a perfect journalism cover letter, so he or she is hired by the news company. It is rather hard to find a good position as there are many experienced and skilled journalists working in the industry. Therefore, make sure to start with writing in student newspapers to train your skills. If you include such experience in your journalism resume, you will definitely boost your chances to get a job of your dreams.
Depending on the used technologies and equipment, journalism is divided into the following types:
- newspaper and magazine;
Each type, in its turn, is divided into genres:
- artistic and journalistic.
Analytical genre includes:
- article - a journalistic or scientific work of a small size;
- overview - a succinct message that combines a common theme.
Informative genre includes:
- chronicle - a short message that has no heading;
- note - a short message but in the press;
- report - a concentrated supply of any past events;
- interview - a conversation to be recorded.
- spot broadcast.
Artistic-journalistic genre comprises:
- essay - a small form of fiction, which briefly describes the life events;
- skit - a magazine or newspaper article concerning a hot-button issue, which uses satirical and humorous presentation techniques.
- pamphlet - a topical, often short, political essay.
When writing an article, you should gather and sort out all information. However, your work will go down the drain if you submit this information in the way that nobody wants to read it. By following these few tips, you can conduct research or compose an investigative paper that will interest readers and make reading very enjoyable for everyone.
1. Write a good lead.
Lead is a prelude to your article, which should entice a potential reader. The success of your work depends on a lead. Write an excellent entry, so your article will be a success. If you write a dull lead, then all your work will be useless. The first paragraph of the article briefly tells what will be discussed further. The lead must not contain more than 35-40 words and should be interesting enough to readers, so that he/she would like to read the rest of the text.
2. Write briefly.
Especially if you are writing a news article. Try as much as possible to disclose the situation depicting facts in a few words.
3. Organize and format your paper correctly.
Use the inverted pyramid model. Disclose the most important things at the beginning and finish with the most insignificant information.
4. Think about the text.
Create a text in the head and only, then, write it down. If you do not know where to start, imagine that you write a letter to your friend where you tell your story; in this case, your paper will bring you success.
5. Do not use only one source.
By using several sources, you will be able not only to learn more about selected topics but also to make sure that the information you provide in your research paper is up-to-date, accurate, and verifiable. Writing an article based on suspicious data is the worst thing that a journalist can make. Journalistic assignments require completing some investigation, often an extensive one, in order to uncover facts.
When taking a journalism course, it is important to be able to write good informative and analytical materials, rather than scientific treatises. As a rule, students, who have chosen this specialization, should possess good writing skills. Although, very often, they are made to accomplish many other urgent activities; for example, students-journalists can have part-time jobs, which allow them to gain necessary professional experience that later may be presented in his/her cover letter for journalism position in one of the companies.
So, if you are a student or you just need your paper to be written within the shortest deadline possible, then you have to act decisively. Instead of wasting your valuable time, find a professional who will offer you to help with your college term paper. Writer service may help you get a good grade, and it can become the most effective option would be to order your paper, including a cover letter. Journalism is about writing articles, and not about writing CVs. So you may definitely need some help, and we will be glad to provide it. We have a great number of experienced and qualified writers who will complete your paper meeting all possible requirements. Our company can offer a wide range of academic help, including various essays and research papers, or something specific, something like a public services coursework. Order your paper at Pro-Papers.com, proceed with the payment, and forget about all writing torments because we will cover your back!
|Writing from scratch|
In “Losing the News: The Future of the News that Feeds Democracy,” published by Oxford University Press, Alex S. Jones, a 1982 Nieman Fellow and director of the Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy at Harvard University, describes in its prologue his purpose and intent in writing about the “genuine crisis” in news. “It is not one of press bias, though that is how most people seem to view it,” he contends. “Rather, it is a crisis of diminishing quantity and quality, of morale and sense of mission, of values and leadership.”
In this excerpt from the chapter “Objectivity’s Last Stand,” Jones reminds readers how objectivity assumed its role in the tradition of American journalism, what “authentic journalistic objectivity” looks like when practiced well, and why it matters so much to the future of news reporting.
To my mind, a great deal of what makes journalism good is entwined with what I would term authentic journalistic objectivity, as opposed to the various flavors of phony or faux objectivity. I believe it is essential that genuine objectivity should remain the American journalistic standard, but we may be living through what could be considered objectivity’s last stand.
I define journalistic objectivity as a genuine effort to be an honest broker when it comes to news. That means playing it straight without favoring one side when the facts are in dispute, regardless of your own views and preferences. It means doing stories that will make your friends mad when appropriate and not doing stories that are actually hit jobs or propaganda masquerading as journalism. It sometimes means doing something that probably is not done nearly enough—betraying your sources! A journalist uses charm and guile to help extract information that can benefit the public, and then spills the beans to the public. And sometimes the source of the information feels betrayed. Objectivity also means not trying to create the illusion of fairness by letting advocates pretend in your journalism that there is a debate about the facts when the weight of truth is clear. He-said/she-said reporting, which just pits one voice against another, has become the discredited face of objectivity. But that is not authentic objectivity.
After describing what critics of objective journalism find as its faults and detailing the historical roots of objective journalism, Jones returns to a discussion of how journalism—with objectivity at its core—has been thought of by those who set forth its principles.
But what, exactly, was objective journalism? Were all-too-human journalists supposed to stop being humans and somehow expunge all the prejudices that they carried inside them? Were they to be objective, meaning that they would approach each new subject like a blank slate without opinions? Enemies of objectivity argue that because journalists must be free of bias to be objective, and because this is impossible, it follows that objectivity is a false ideal. As a group, journalists probably have more opinions than most, and it is very rare that a reporter starts working on a story without having some notion as to what happened—in other words, a point of view. But objectivity does not require that journalists be blank slates free of bias. In fact, objectivity is necessary precisely because they are biased.
In their book “The Elements of Journalism: What Newspeople Should Know and the Public Should Expect,” Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel, describe what they call “the lost meaning of objectivity.”… As [they] point out, “In the original concept, in other words, the method is objective, not the journalist.” It was because journalists inevitably arrived with bias that they needed objectivity as a discipline to test that bias against the evidence so as to produce journalism that would be closer to truth.
They argue that the quickening of objectivity as the American journalistic standard was born of a desire to have a more scientific way of approaching news. The nation’s faith in science was surging, and the scientific method seemed suited to journalism. Scientists begin their research with assumptions. They have expectations of what will happen, but they don’t know what will happen. They have, in other words, their own opinions and beliefs—their point of view or even bias—about what is likely the truth, and they do their research to test those assumptions. Their objective, scientific inquiry is not one that is without bias, but one in which bias has to stand up to evidence and results.
This is the sensible and realistic approach to objectivity that might be termed genuine objectivity. It begins with the assumption that journalists have bias, and that their bias has to be tested and challenged by gathering facts and information that will either support it or knock it down.
Often, there is information that does both, and that ambiguity needs to be reported with the same dispassion with which a scientist would report variations in findings that were inconclusive. If the evidence is inconclusive, then that is—by scientific standards—the truth.
But journalistic objectivity is an effort to discern a practical truth, not an abstract, perfect truth. Reporters seeking genuine objectivity search out the best truth possible from the evidence that the reporter, in good faith, can find. To discredit objectivity because it is impossible to arrive at perfect truth is akin to dismissing trial by jury because it isn’t perfect in its judgments.
In concluding this chapter, Jones writes:
My sense is that most Americans want the same thing—that their news should be rooted in a verifiable reality that can be confirmed and that faithfully represents the ambiguity that reality usually includes. The national conversation is the means we have for interpreting and analyzing that core of objective news, and it is inherently subjective and opinionated. But if a fundamental confidence in the iron core disappears, if it is viewed as just another collection of facts assembled by someone with a political agenda, then one of the most important supports for our democracy will weaken, and the conversation may well become more of a cacophonous Tower of Babel.