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2G Scam ChidambaramIn India, the menace of corruption is evident from a long time. The Ketan Parekh's Securities scam in 2001,Navy war room spy scandal 2006,cash for vote scandal 2008, Madhu Koda mining scam 2009,Commonwealth games scam 2010 are just a small list of big scandals in recent years but the actual list can't be quantified here. The problem of Corruption is also evident from the Transparency International's Corruption Perception Index, in which India ranked 95th out of 178 countries.
The latest and the biggest of all scandals had surfaced in 2010 as 2G Spectrum scam, when CAG showed large-scale irregularities in the spectrum allocation. As per draft CAG report placed before Supreme Court, the 2G Spectrum scandal involved undercharging mobile telephony companies for frequency allocation licenses and the short fall of money is estimated to be Rs. 176,645 Corore. The main person accused of this scam was the then Telecom Minister Mr. A Raja. It is also believed that Mr. P Chidambaram, the than Finance Minister, also favored Telecom Minister in the scam. The Janta Party chief Mr. Subramanian Swamy deposed against Mr. Chidambaram in a Delhi court to prove his alleged complicity in the 2G spectrum scam. Swamy alleged that Chidambaram was involved in giving licenses on 2001 prices and that he endorsed Raja's actions and decisions. Swamy said that he produced before the court documents from CBI that showed Chidambaram gave permission for allowing Unitech and Swan Telecom to sell their equity to Norway's Telenor and UAE-based Etisalat respectively. He added that Chidambaram 'disregarded' a home ministry advisory and allowed the foreign companies to buy in the Indian companies, compromising national security. The Delhi court on 04 Feb 2012 dismissed Mr. swamy's plea to make Chidambaram a co-accused in the 2g case. However, Mr. Swamy has cleared that he will go to the higher court to seek out the matter.
The evidence shown by Mr. Swamy definitely shows a relation of Mr. Chidambaram with 2G case and the ruling of the lower court is very surprising. The co-accused plea is based on prima facie evidence. Unless Mr. Chidambaram's case is fully investigated like Raja, no one can say that he is culpable or not. It can also be estimate that a scam of this scale is not possible without the involvement of senior Government Ministers like Mr. Chidambaram, who held a not negotiable ministry in relation to financial matters at that time. In this case, the Court should have directed for an investigation rather than dismissal. Mr. Swamy should continue his fight and Mr. P Chidambaram whose election results is questionable and still in Court, should not feel that he is free. As a representative of the people, he is answerable to the Nation for his knowledge of the 2G facts & wrong practices. In case founded guilty of not performing his duty properly then like everyone else he should also get corresponding reward. The fate of Mr. Chidambaram will only be clear in due course.
After seven years of intense trials the court verdict on the now famous and what was India’s biggest telecom 2G scam turned out to be a moral boosting victory for the Congress and the UPA as all the 17 accused including former telecommunications minister A Raja and DMK’s MP Kanimozhi have been acquitted today by the special CBI court on the grounds that record was not sufficient and the prosecution has failed to prove the guilt.
While the Congress has been fast to claim victory and that their stand has been vindicated it has made a mockery of the biggest scams of the last decade where the loss to the exchequer was pegged by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) at Rs 1.76 lakh crore. The former telecommunication minister from UPA, Kapil Sibal, had however refuted the CAG claim and declared that there was zero loss to the exchequer.
Acquitting all the 17 accused in the scam, the CBI court in a 2000 page judgment delivered by Judge O. P. Saini ruled that there was no criminality involved in the entire episode. The court has found nothing wrong in the allocation of the licenses and has found no evidence of the alleged kickbacks in the process.
The telecom scam was at the centre stage of the Congress-led UPA government’s second term and had earned it a bad name which cost them the 2014 general elections. The entire UPA government had been accused of large-scale corruption right under the watch of the then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh who led the coalition government.
The telecom scam involved giving in 2007 telecom licences and spectrum at 2001 prices at a little over Rs 1600 crore, among others. At that time telecom licences were given on a first come first served basis a process that had been questioned. Subsequently, all 122 licences given by Raja to nine companies had been cancelled by the Supreme Court in February 2012 on the grounds that the process of allocation was flawed. The Enforcement Directorate had also made a case of money laundering.
Apart from A Raja and Kanimozhi , the others accused in the telecom scam included Raja’s former private secretary R.K. Chandolia, Reliance ADAG Group managing director Gautam Doshi, its senior vice president Hari Nair, group president Surendra Pipara, Swan telecom promoter Vinod Goenka, Unitech Ltd managing director Sanjay Chandra, Essar Group promoters Anshuman and Ravi Ruia, its director Vikas Saraf, Loop Telecom promoters Kiran Khaitan and her husband I.P. Khaitan. Three telecom firms -- Swan Telecom Pvt Ltd (STPL), Reliance Telecom Ltd and Unitech Wireless (Tamil Nadu) Ltd -- were also accused and acquitted in the case.
This is the biggest victory for the DMK and A. Raja who was telecom minister at that time and was the main accused in the entire scam as well as Kanimozhi who was named as co-accused in the scam and were named as perpetrators of the entire scam.
While all the accused in the telecom scam have been acquitted, the fate of the 122 cancelled licences is nor clear and stands cancelled by the Supreme Court at present.
The scam had taken toll on the sector as many companies like Etisalat had quit India following the outbreak of the scam and the apex court cancelling the licences. It also led to large-scale consolidation in the sector with many companies merging with others.