Contagion Movieassignments

Transcript of Analyzing The movie contagion

MOVIE
Analysis Contagion A film by Steven Soderbergh SCINETIFIC PERSPECTIVE MEV-1 Summery The Vaccine Biodiaspora and Healthmap Social Perspective Question 1
Do you think the anarchy and rioting depicted in the movie is a possible outcome? Why or why not?
Question 2
Also what could Governments do to try and maintain order and peace? Answer to 1 Symptoms include
.Seizures
.Blurry vision
.Foaming at the mouth
.Fever
.Coughing Niaph Virus : The inspiration The paramyxovirus Nipah virus (of which MEV-1 is based off of), Came from the large and small flying foxes (bats) of Malaysia. A fruit eating bat that was the carrier of the virus was responsible for spreading the disease to pig farms and thus to humans in April 1999. In the end, this resulted in 257 cases and 105 deaths. In the movie, at the end, we see that the virus indeed came from a fruit eating bat that spread it to pigs and then the people, relating itself heavily to MEV-1. Also, the Niaph virus caused brain and respiratory diseases R-0 or R-naught The R-0 of a virus is the amount of people with the virus that they are likely to infect within the time of the infectious period.
In the movie, the R-0 of MEV-1 is 4, meaning if someone has it, they are likely to infect four other people who will the spread it as well. They also say that this will infect 1/12 of the total population of earth.
Though this may seem high, we humans have had it far worse before. Diseases like the Measles and Pertussis had R-0 of 12-18 and 12-17 respectively. This is over 3-4 times the R-0 of MEV-1, yet it still caused a lot of trouble in the movie. Bibliography Wikipedia Contributors (2012). Basic reproduction number. In Wikipedia. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R_naught The Process of creating a vaccine for a virus starts with them having to be able to incubate it. By this, they must find how it reproduces within a cell, by exposing it to one in a controlled environment. In the movie, They have trouble with incubating it at first as it quickly kills the cells before it reproduces. Though a scientist eventually figures out how to grow it, By using BLC-3. Meningoencephalitis Virus One Next, They put a live virus, that has been slightly de-powered into a test subject along with a whole lot of substance to produce a greater immune response. The body will then pay attention the their captive virus and study it. Specifically, a white blood cell
called a macrophage, envelops the intruding
microbes, breaks them up and shows them to cells
“T” and “C”. Once these cells analyze the intruder,
they produce antibodies to counter more invading
microbes. Now having a vaccine speeds up the
processes, by preparing the body before they get the
actual virus. So when the real deal comes, the body is
faster to create more anti-bodies and already has some for that specific virus. Department of health and human services, (2011). how vaccines work. Retrieved from American Government website: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/vaccines/understanding/Pages/howWork.asp&xgt Biodiaspora which literally means the "scattering of life", B studies pathogens and diseases ability to disperse across the globe through piggybacking on international travelers. They try to keep track of how virus flow across the planet by using air travel as a medium. They give information on what viruses are most like to strike from certain places and try to act as a warning for people, to be more cautious in certain areas. Biodiaspora. (2012). Protecting global health, security and prosperity.. Retrieved from http://www.biodiaspora.ca/ Health map updates itself every hour from 10,000 sources. It then compiles the data to produce over 90% accurate reports of the current medical state of an area. What disease are there and so on. You can search through data by the disease, location and number of cases. Health map is used by doctors and parents alike to become more aware and therefor prepared for any virus that comes their way. Freifeld, C., & Brownstein, J. (2007). Global health, local knowledge . Retrieved from http://www.healthmap.org/en/ Healthmap Biodiaspora Truthfully, I do not think there would be rioting in real life like there was in the movie. People began looting stores little after 2 weeks of the outbreak for Forsythia, as it was thought to be the cure at the time by a large amount of people. People, unrealistically fast began to murder their neighbors for food and supplies, loot stores and steal cars after 26 days. I'm quite positive, that it would take a lot more than this to cause such a response in people. Answer to question 2 In order to maintain stability and peace, I'm sure the government would enact martial law. Though it might seem extreme, it really isn't if you analyze farther. Though in the movie, there is a definite military presence, they do nothing throughout the entire movie to maintain order. As I stated in the last response, there was murder, looting and massive theft going on, and they did absolutely nothing to protect and help the cities that were being torn apart by both disease and chaos! Question 3 What portions of society does a pandemic bring together, and what portions does it divide? Answer to question 3 Well, as we saw in the movie, a large-scale medical scare like this brings together families and friends in an attempt to help each other and their other loved ones. Though, this does also have the opposite effect. People also become very fearful of others because they fear getting infected themselves. So in the end, a pandemic causes specific social circles to band together and then isolate themselves from the rest. The anarchy enacted by many groups, in the cites or when the chinese village kidnapped for a hostage scenario, these were closely-knit groups that obviously cared for each other, but no one else. Question 4 What cultures, ethnic groups, and/or specific demographic groups could be affected the most if a real life outbreak (similar to MEV-1) occurred in the world? Answer to Question 4 Many ethnic and social groups would be affected negativity by such an epidemic as depicted in the movie in real life. Particularly I believe it would be less ethnic groups but religious and socio-economic groups. As shown in the movie, some of the poorer people might resort to theft if the need arouse( though i don not believe to that extent), and others (like in the movie) would fear for themselves being last to receive a vaccine or cure. This would cause a lot of anxiety and contempt for the more affluent populace who might get said cure first. As for religious groups, there are many people who do not believe in taking vaccines and see them as unnatural and that they go against their beliefs. In this case, a deadly disease would have a much greater affect on these people. Should they never take a vaccine or cure, they would have a much higher infection and therefore death rate then the majority of people who would steal and even kill for such a blessing. I think it is interesting that they do not touch on these kinds of people in the movie as they are not few in numbers. Ethical and legal Question .1 What individual rights might be violated during a pandemic? Answer 1 During a pandemic many individual rights are taken away to get control of the populace quicker. Acts like martial law allow for surveillance on the populace which could be used either finding out where the virus came from (like in the casino security footage) or for discovering the whereabouts of gangs or other groups with illegal intention. A quarantine might be enacted over a city or part of a city to stop the virus from escaping an area and infecting more, though this would basically put the entire populace of the quarantined area under house arrest, which many people (especially those who are not infected) would get very angry about. Question 2 What are the related legal issues for the government in terms of transparency of information to the public vs. confidentiality of sensitive information? [during a crisis such as in Contagion] Answer 2 For starters, Jude laws character,
Alan Krumwiede, is an internet blogger, opportunist and conspiracy theorist, who tries his best to turn a profit out of the epidemic by convincing the public that the government is hiding the fact that the cure is forsythia. He believes that the government helps their friends before their people. This is slightly true as government workers do get the actual vaccine before the rest of the populace. Also, Laurence Fishbourne’s character. Dr. Ellis Cheever, warned his wife about the true state of the problem in Chicago before the rest of the populace, which is unfair treatment. Though some of Alan's complaints with the government may be valid, it does not justify his undermining of the situation, essentially making it far worse by spreading fear. The problem with buying into these conspiracy theories is that sometimes they may have proof to back them up, but they can end up causing severe distrust with the government. Especially during a crisis like a pandemic, cooperation and trust with the government are required in order to get anything done. So, when a theory like this pop's up, it's important to really look for the facts because you could be actually hurting instead helping. Economic Standpoint What do you think the impact of a major outbreak such as MEV-1 would be on the Canadian economy? On the Global economy? Explain. I believe that a mass outbreak like this occurring in Canada would have many negative impacts on our economy. Pandemics, especially like the one in "contagion" cause mass amounts of fear on the populace. People become to scared of getting the virus to go to work, therefore they have no money and cannot then purchase anything to input money back in the system. As we saw in the movie, the shopping malls are all but abandoned leaving a few select stores open, one at which Matt Damon buys his daughter a dress. I think the movie did a good job of representing the amount of commerce that would disappear in such a scare. In 2003, the Severe acute respiratory syndrome or SARS, came to Toronto and the scare it and already generated in china, Singapore and the U.S.A. caused many conferences and meetings to be canceled. The CBC reported that on April 22nd of that year, Hotel occupancy was half the normal rate and many tour companies had a serious decline in business. All this had been due to the 44 deaths that occurred in Toronto specifically that had been largely publicized. Could some people and/or companies get rich during such a health catastrophe? Explain your thoughts. Of course. Many people could and would make a profit of off the public's fear. When people are scared, they become desperate and will do many things as long as it will help them with their fear. In the movie, Alan Krumwiede, uses their fear to sell ground up Forsythia, claiming it's the cure. Thousands of people begin doing anything they can to get their hands on some, regardless of the consequence. Alan uses their fear to make them misjudge his wild claim into being the truth. This makes him a very rich man, and despite being arrested for conspiracy, still makes bail.
It is more than conceivable that if such a pandemic did occur (and many have) there have certainly been and always will be, an opportunist who knows he can make a quick buck off of the fear of millions. Wikipedia Contributors (2003). Severe acute respiratory syndrome In Wikipedia. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Severe_acute_respiratory_syndrome Personal Standpoint How would you personally handle a similar situation whereby you and your family hid in your home for your own safety? Truthfully, I probably wouldn't mind as much as others might If we were to lock ourselves away in our house,as I'm kinda an indoor person. As long as the internet didn't cut out, as i need need that for some social interaction with my friends. Though i would eventually get cabin fever like most people, i feel like i would just last a bit longer. As for the disease itself, I would definitely bring my par of health quality up as I'd probably wash my hands every ten minutes or so. I would certainly make changes in my lifestyle if My family and I were depending on it. The internet is a wonderful thing and allows fro long distance social communication and massive entrainment. Soderbergh, S. (Director) (2011). Contagion [Warner Bros. Pictures. What is better to do? -- Washing hands or using hand sanitizer? Explain. Washing your hands is far better than hand sanitizing because hand sanitizers are anti-bacterial. And, like every other human adapted species (Raccoons for example)Whenever we raise the security, (e.g. using hand sanitizer to kill millions of bacteria) we speed up evolution on their part. Though using anti-bacterial cleaning supplies works. The more you do it, the more chances and time you give the bacteria to evolve to no longer being effected by it.In other words, We have a limited defense against the bacteria in the form of a shield with limited uses. It does work, but the longer and more you use it, it weakens and eventually they'll break your shield. Washing your hands on the other hand (no pun intended) cleans dirt and dust from you skin, which could have viruses or bacteria on it already. But it does not actually attack the pathogens directly, it more wipes away there homes of off you so they can't buy property on your skin. Analyze and explain what you think this (slightly paraphrased) quote from the movie means:
“Did you know that shaking hands comes from showing a stranger that you possess no weapons? You offer your right hand to shake to show that you mean no harm to the stranger…I wonder if the virus knows that?”
Dr. Ellis Cheever.
I believe that the main point of this quote is at the end when he asks if the virus knows that when we shake hands (one of the ways this pathogen infects others) it means we carry no weapons , and that we are not a threat to the receiver of the hand shake. He asks this because the viruses harm, and if we're shaking hands to show that we don't mean harm, the virus would "sneak" onto the other disguised by this gesture if friendship. Though it is obviously co-incidental, as most people don't know the origin of a hand shake, so how would a virus, he still makes the point that our social communication can be used against us by transferring disease to each other.

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