After you have a topic idea, what's next? You have to develop information that you will put into your essay and decide on your audience and purpose. Then you will need to decide the point of view, tone, and style of writing you will use. Sound confusing? Don't worry. Just answer the following questions to get ready to write. You can open up a word processing program, copy these questions, and then answer them, or do it the old-fashioned way with paper and pen.
- Topic idea: ______________________________________________. (Write yours out.)
- What kind of expository essay is this? (How to? How does it work? Definition? Fact? Cause? History of?)
- List or cluster different aspects or parts of your topic.
- Circle the aspects which are most interesting to you. Cluster those.
- Do you have enough to say or too much? Do you need to narrow your topic or expand it?
- What sources can you use? Where can you find them?
- What are some things your audience would be familiar with which you can compare your topic with?
- What do they already know?
- What would they be interested in knowing?
- What kind of tone would be best for this audience? (informational, satiric, humorous, folksy, professional?)
- Considering your audience, which point of view would be the most effective one to write in? Would it be better to write in the first person ("I" or "we"), second person ("you"), or third person (impersonal)?
Write Your Thesis
- Your purpose (What do you want audience to think, do, or know after reading? This will be related to what your audience doesn't know.)
- Turn your topic into a question: ___________________________________________
- Answer that question: __________________________________________________
- Make a thesis statement: _______________________________________________
- Essay map—sentence(s) which list main sub-topics: ______________________________________________________________ (These can be headers for sections of the paper.)
- Which sort of organization would work best for you? Examples: chronological (in time), spatial (in space and time), process (step-by-step), topical (part-by-part), cause/effect, historical overview, comparison and contrast, or reverse expectations.
- Write a brief outline for how you will structure the body of the paper.
Intro and Conclusion
- Which of these introduction and conclusion ideas could you use? Reverse expectation, expectation fulfilled, scenario (imagined typical story, also called a case study), personal story, frame story, vivid description, conversation, definition, comparison and contrast, analogy, startling statistic or fact, quotation, story from book or movie.
- Choose the best one(s) for your essay and explain what you will do.
Tone, Voice, and Style
- Which person will you write in for your essay? (1st “I,” 2nd “you,” or 3rd “he, she, it.”) Why?
- What sort of tone will you have? Why? (Example: serious and informative, humorous, sarcastic, enthusiastic.)
Explanatory Synthesis Essay: Everything You Need to Know
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There are two main types of synthesis essays. One is the explanatory synthesis essay and the other one is the argumentative synthesis essay. The main aim of explanatory synthesis essay, as its name obviously implies, is to explain a certain topic. On the other hand, an argumentative synthesis essay aims to have an argument about a specific topic and justify those arguments.
Your goal in an explanatory synthesis essay, which is to convey information about a specific topic, could be achieved when a synthesis essay writer helps a reader understand a topic using an orderly and clear writing fashion. An explanatory synthesis essay does not aim to argue for a specific point. Rather, it aims to present facts in an orderly and understandable manner.
In writing an explanatory synthesis essay, a writer must divide the subject in its component parts accordingly. The introduction on what your topic is about is the first step. Make it clear from the beginning what you are writing about.
An explanatory synthesis essay requires a lot of explanations and supporting details so that the readers will have a clear understanding of the topic. These explanations will occur in the body of the synthesis essay that is usually divided into subtopics in order to achieve organization and logical explanations of the topic. In explaining the topic, a description of what it is about or descriptions about an object, event, or place regarding the topic is needed. Personal experiences like interviews or actual participations that are connected to the topic could be useful as long as you can maintain an academic structure and voice throughout the essay.
In the body of the essay, indicate your explanations about the topic using several reliable sources. These sources are your greatest tool in presenting information to the readers so you better pick your sources right. Also, remember that when presenting information, present it objectively and not subjectively. Your emotions and opinions about the subject are not needed in the essay.
In connection to this, a number of credible sources are needed. Your sources or references should be able to provide enough and credible facts about your selected topic. An explanatory synthesis essay usually equips three sources to support their topic justifiably.
In the conclusion, you must be able to illuminate the readers about your topic and not create controversies out of it. Your essay’s purpose is to make them understand the topic more, not to jumble their minds about it further.
All in all, an explanatory synthesis essay holds its purpose to convey vivid information and facts about a specific topic to the readers. This kind of synthesis essay does not need the writer’s opinion about the topic he or she is writing about. Objective and clear writing should be maintained by the writer to avoid crossing the line.